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Myanmar  |  History  |  Location  |  Weather  |  People  |  Air Carriers to Myanmar  |  Tourist Visa  |  Business Visa  |  Visa on Arrival  |  Myanmar Festivals

Myanmar

Lies at the crossroads of Asia’s greatest civilizations, China and India. Before 1989, Myanmar is known under different names: Suvanabhumi, Bermah, and Burma. It was well known for its ancient archaeology and rich culture. Myanmar stretches from the islands of the Andaman Sea in the south, right up into the Eastern Himalayan mountain range, giving a variety of marvelous people and enriched nature.

History

The earliest primates known today as Pondaung Man, resided in Pondaung, northern Myanmar about 40 million years ago. After those eras, many city states emerged, and then came the 3 empires.The First Myanmar Empire (Ad1044) founded after King Anawrahtar organized the whole country into a single sovereign. Founding of the Second Myanmar Empire was in AD 1287, at Hantharwaddy (Bago) Dynasty. The last emopire was in AD 1752 founded by the Konbaung Dynasty. Though many years passed away, you will find the country remains unspoiled unlike any destination you might have been. Visiting this paradise will give you an experience of a life time.

Location

Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and the northeast by China: on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by Bangladesh and India. It is located between latitudes09°32’N and 28°31’N and longtudes92°10’E and 101°11E.The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometers (261’228 square miles )ranging 936 kilometers (581miles)from east to west and 2,051 kilometers(1,275 miles )from north to south.

Weather

Seasonal changes in the monsoon wind directions create summer, rainy and winter seasons. The best time to visit Myanmar id during October to May, however upper Myanmar is good to travel round the year.

People

Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main national races are Kachin,Kayah, Kayin, Chin,Barmar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Population is estimated to be about 57 million.

Air Carriers to Myanmar

Myanmar Airways International (8m), Bangkok Airways (PG), Silk Air (MI), Air Mandalay (6T), Thai Airways (TG), Air China (CA), Biman (BG), Air India (IC), Mandarin Airline (AE), Phuket Airline (9R), Malaysia Airlines (MH), Drunk Air (KB), Lauda Air (NG), Quatar Air (QR)

Tourist Visa

US$ 20+ US$ 10.0 per application 28 days validity .(extended for an additional 14 days).

Business Visa

28 days, extendible up to 12 months on case basis.

Myanmar On-arrival Visa

Procedure & Process

Application of pre-arranged on-arrival visa is very similar to normal visa application at the Myanmar Embassy abroad while all personal data with passport details are required to submit. We will then help proceed for getting entry visa approval at Myanmar side. One of the direct benefits of such visa application is that it does not require applicant (s) to arrange visa application in person.

This visa application process normally takes 10 working days or 80 working hours at government offices until it gets approved while we absorb some steps and try to finish within 5 working days or 40 working hours (based on government office time schedule excluding Saturday, Sunday, and public holidays) only. The start of visa application is effective only when we receive all correct required information stated under requirement column. It is, therefore, recommended to provide us with the applicant's personal data and passport information well in advance.

At this point, entry visa grant is prohibited for those who used to violate or contravene any provision of the existing laws, rules, and regulations of the Union of Myanmar. We regret to express that the Myanmar Immigration Authority will, as same as in other countries, always check all entry visa application against their updated black-list.

Upon approval of such visa, we will e-mail you with visa approval letter for your kind perusal & reference and/or will inform respective airline authority who will then allow you for boarding without visa stamp on your original passport.

Requirements for Pre-arrangement
(can be sent by e-mail attachment or fax)

(1) a very clear recently-taken passport-size photo
(2) passport particulars mentioned below (or) passport copy where passport information can be obviously read

  • 2.a) full name
  • 2.b) passport number
  • 2.c) issuing authority
  • 2.d) passport issued date
  • 2.e) passport expiry date
  • 2.f) gender (male / female)
  • 2.g) date of birth
  • 2.h) place of birth

 

(3) personal data

  • 3.a) nationality
  • 3.b) religion
  • 3.c) occupation
  • 3.d) father's name
  • 3.e) full address and contact numbers abroad
  • 3.f) arrival / departure dates
  • 3.g) arrival / departure flight numbers
 

Requirements upon arrival at Yangon Int'l. Airport

(1) 2 passport-size color photos (taken less than 6 months)
(travelers who do not bring photos along or do not meet specification are again required to take passport-size photo at current fee of US$ 2 per person inside airport terminal)
(2) original valid passport (passport validity must not be less than 6 months)
(3) applicant's signature on pre-arranged on-arrival visa (forms will be provided upon arrival – and signature is just required)
(4) US$ 40 per person (inclusive of official visa fee)

Please look for our airport representative and/or language-speaking guide holding our company's visible sign-board who will pick you up near immigration counter at arrival hall.

Please hand-over all above-mentioned required documents and payment to our airport representative and/or language-speaking guide who will help expedite with immigration and customs fast-track process provided on condition that the bearer's photo while applying visa and photo on original passport must be very much similar whereas full names and passport numbers must be identical.

It is hereby clearly stated that Asia Photo Travels & Tours Co.Ltd. always acts as intermediate service agency for the convenience of all our clients when visiting Myanmar. However, Myanmar Immigration Authority is, as in other countries, the highest supreme authority by law to decide either or not allowing anyone to enter into Myanmar. If such case happens, Asia Photo Travels & Tours Co.Ltd. shall not be held responsible for any sue, damage, claim, or happening sourced from this.

Festival in Myanmar

Main Festivals in Myanmar : The Myanmar calendar subscribes to both the solar and lunar months, thus requiring an intercalary 30-day 13th month every second or third year. Therefore, the full moon days may change from one month to another in the usual calendar. The Myanmar months and the respective festivals are as follows.

January-February

Kachin Manao Festival (Kachin)
Ananda Temple Festival, Bagan, one of the biggest festivals in the country, begins seven days before the Full Moon Day of Pyatho moon month.
Naga nationalities’ New Year Festival and it requires booking weeks ahead as it is held in very remote villages, usually a few days before 15th January.

February-March

Shwesettaw Pagoda Festival, on the banks of Mann Chaung, Magway Division. Season starts 5th Waxing Moon day of Tabodwe and ends only after Myanmar New Year in April.
Kyaik Khaut Pagoda Festival, Thanlyin Just half an hour’s drive from Yangon, begins seven days before the Full Moon Day of Tabodwe.

March-April

Kekku Pagoda Festival at the very beautiful pagoda complex deep in the Shan hills. Three or four days before the Full Moon Day of Tabaung, Pa O nationals in the region gather by the thousands to pay homage to the shrines they hold most holy.
Maw Tin Zone pagoda Festival, on the Southwest beach of Myanmar and part of the route is by a pleasant boat ride to Pathein, an interesting Delta town where they make pretty parasols. Begins seven days before the full moon of Tabaung.

April-May

Shwemawdaw Pagoda Festival, Bago,8th Waxing Moon Day of Teague.
5 days of Water Festival (Thingyan Festival) preceding the New Year which usually falls on 17th April. All over the country, sidewalk platforms built from which young people hose down passing open cars with revelers. People in the streets carry water guns or buckets to douse anyone seen on the street.

June-July

Robe offering ceremonies, noviciation ceremonies and other religious rituals take place from April to the beginning of Lent which is the Full Moon Day of Waso, in June.

July-August

Taung Pyone Nat Festival, near Mandalay. Begins on the 8th Waxing Moon Day of Wagaung and lasts a week. This is the biggest Spirit festival in the country with mediums and devotes coming from all over the country to take part.
Yadana Gu Nat Festival which carries on when the Taung Pyone festival ends. This takes place on the bank of Taungthanman Lake. Amarapura, which is also close to Mandalay.

September-October

Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda Festival, Inle Lake, Shan State.1st Waxing Moon Day of Thandingyut. The festivities of carrying the images around on a barge to villages on the lake last 18 days.
Shwezigon Pagoda Festival, Bagan. Begins on the 1st Waxing Moon Day of Thadingyut. Of special interest is the Full Moon Day’s ritual of offering a filled alms bowl to hundreds of monks and novices.
Kyauk Taw Gyi Pagoda Festival of Mandalay, a four-day festival ending on the day after the full moon day of Thadingyut.
Lights Festival symbolizing the end of Lent lasting three days, from a day ahead to the day after the Full Moon Day of Thadingyut. Celebrated all over the country.
Dancing Elephants Festivals where manned cloth elephants compete in dance in dance competitions, Kyaukse, near Mandalay. A 2-day festival beginning a day before the full Moon Day of Thadingyut.

October-November

Hindu dipavali Light Festival, celebrated at Hindu temples all over the country. Date subject to change.
Fire balloon Competition, Taung Gyi, Shan State. Six-day festival begins on the 10th Waxing Moon Day of Tazaungmone. Balloons are judged for size, style, design and their ability to stay aloft for longer periods. On the night of the Full Moon; Taung Gyi townsfolk hold a parade carrying lanterns.

November-December

Robe weaving contest, all over the country, and a major event at the Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon. The night before the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone, teams of weavers compete to finish a robe during the night, to be offered to the images at the dawn of the next day.
Popa Nat Festivals, Popa, near Bagan.A6-day festival begins Full Moon Day of Nadaw.
31st December night is celebrated at the Golden Rock Kyaik Hti Yo Pagoda with devotees lighting thousands of candles at the shrine.

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Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is recognized by the world as the Golden Land. It is one of the earliest homes of mankind, where one can have exclusive experiences of a life-time.

 

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